The Sweden Solar System (SSS) is the world’s largest model of our planetary system. The Sun is represented by the Globe in Stockholm, the largest spherical building in the world, and the planets are lined up in direction north from here.
Distances and sizes are scaled according to 1:20 million, and the inner planets are all in the Stockholm area. The outer planets follow in the same direction with for instance Neptune in Söderhamn and the dwarf planet Pluto in Delsbo, 300 km from the Globe. A number of minor planets and comets also populate SSS, which now extends from the very south to the very north of Sweden. There is a host institution for each model. SSS is a pedagogical instrument and conveys a direct feeling of the enormous distances in space, and how small the planets are compared to the Sun. Art, mythology and science merge in this project, and SSS connects to different places and activities in Sweden.
- The Sun
- Asteroid Eros
- Asteroid Saltis
- Asteroid Vesta
- Asteroid 5025 PL
- Transneptunian Haumea
- Transneptunian Quaoar
- Transneptunian Ixion
- Transneptunian Makemake
- Object ‘Oumuamua
- Transneptunian Gonggong
- Transneptunian Eris
- Transneptunian Sedna
- Halley’s comet
- Swift-Tuttle’s comet
- The Termination Shock
Diameter: 71 m (solar disk) + the corona (the Sun’s outer atmosphere)
The Globe Arena in Stockholm is the largest spherical building in the world, and it represents the Sun in the SSS. This picture shows the Globe lit by an animation, which included a sequence showing flares on the solar surface, during the inauguration of the International Year of Astronomy 2009.
Stockholms stadsmuseum, Slussen
Diameter: 25 cm
Distance from Globen: 2,9 km
House of Science, AlbaNova University Centre
Diameter: 62 cm
Distance from Globen: 5,5 km
Image: Tanja Nymark
Cosmonova, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm
Diameter: 65 cm / 18 cm (20 m apart)
Distance from Globen: 7,6 km
The models of our planet Earth and the Moon are located outside the entrance of the space theatre Cosmonova at the Natural History Museum (in the ticket hall). The model of the Moon is made by Peter Varheyi and is situated on a pillar 20 m away from the model of the Earth.
Diameter: 35 cm
Distance from Globen: 11,6 km
Mars is connected to a plate in steel symbolizing the Earth. Chemical symbols for common compounds on Mars can be found on the sphere.
Hotel Clarion, Arlanda Airport
Diameter: 7,1 m
Distance from Globen: 40 km
Jupiter, a brilliant ring (diameter 7,1 m), Below A big sign with facts about Jupiter and SSS (Image: Peter Rosén)
Jupiter was for many years represented by an arrangement of flowers outside Sky City at Arlanda Airport. In may 2019 a new model was inaugurated in Hotel Clarion connected to Sky City. The model is in the form of a shining ring over the entrance to a conference centre. In addition, the four large Galilean moons are featured along the corridor leading to the hotel reception. In this new design there is plentiful of information about the planet and its environment. Sponsor: Storebrand S/P. Design: Strategisk Arkitektur and collaborators.
Diameter: 6,1 m
Distance from Globen: 73 km
The plans to create a nice model of Saturn are advancing. In 2010 an artistic model of the moon Titan was inaugurated in central Uppsala at the Celsius House, where the 18th century astronomer Anders Celsius worked. In addition, several Saturn moons have been given form by pupils in school classes in the area.
Diameter: 2,6 m
Distance from Globen: 146 km
A symbolic and playful outdoor model of Uranus was inaugurated in Oct 2012 (see picture) in Lövstabruk south of Gävle. The model was built in steel by Forsmark Mechanical Workshop at the Forsmark nuclear plant located close to Lövstabruk, and where the element Uranium plays an important role. The unusual tilt of Uranus’ axis is marked.
Diameter: 2,5 m
Distance from Globen: 229 km
Neptune, symbolizing the god of the water and the sea, is located in the central park of Söderhamn, a coast town with long traditions of fishing and sailing. The model is lit from inside by blue light in the night.
Diameter: 12 cm
Distance from Globen: 300 km
Pluto and Charon are supported by two tomb-like pillars reminding of the mythological meaning of Pluto (Hades), the god of the underworld. One can also be reminded of the meteorite impact that took place here 90 million years ago, when all life became extinct over a large area, and from which the Dellen lake system formed.
Pluto is not classified as a planet anymore. It is a dwarf planet.
Diameter: 2,0 mm x 0,7 mm x 0,7 mm
Distance from Globen: 11 km
Eros, the god of love, was inaugurated on a Valentine’s day during a close encounter by a NASA space probe. The model, only 1.5 mm in size, was designed and exhibited as a school project.
Diameter: less than 1 mm
Distance from Globen: 17 km
Åva gymnasium, Täby
Diameter: oval, ca 3 cm
Distance from Globen: 17 km
Picture from the inauguration of on Sept. 6, 2017, when the initiator Åke Dahlöf (teacher at Åva senior high school) put candles into the sculpture (Vesta was the goddess of the hearth in Roman religion). To the right Peter Varhelyi, who sculpted Vesta.
Below a sketch of the panels forming the base showing antique symbols for Vesta and the Vesta family, a collection of smaller blocks that were ejected from Vesta after a major impact at the southern pole. The model is oblate, about 3 cm across and with a crater landscape on its surface.
Diameter: 0,2 mm
Distance from Globen: 60 km
The asteroid Palomar-Leiden 5025 is a small dot on a relief describing SSS and placed in a park in Knivsta with “cosmic” sculptures by Eric Ståhl standing in front of the relief.
Diameter: 10×7,5×5 cm
Distance from Globen: 200 km
Haumea is featured as a shining oval in a deep blue background, where also the the two moons are depicted (Left image taken by Anna-Lena Rågfälts).
The dwarf planet Haumea was discovered in 2003 and got its name from a hawaiian goddess. It is different from many other similar bodies in that it rotates very fast, one turm in 4 hours, which may have caused it elongated form (ellipsoid). Two moons, Hi’laka och Namaka, circles around the planet and the three bodies, featured by Heléne Ecström, are found in 2047 Science Centre, Borlänge.
Diameter: 6 cm
Distance from Globen: 340 km
Credit: Robert Cumming
The dwarf planet Quaoar was discovered in 2002 by the american astronomers Chad Trujillo and Michael Brown. Quaoar was the creator in the minds of the Tongva people, who lived in the area around Los Angeles (USA). The model of Quaoar, created by Poul Jörgensen Kastlösa Glasbruk, Öland, was inaugurated on November 18, 2017, in Gislaved’s library (right image). The project was iniiated by Gislaved’s Astronomical Society Orion.
Diameter: 6,5 cm
Distance from Globen: 360 km
Ixion is one of the largest minor planets discovered by a team including Swedish scientists. The model is shown in the science centre Technicus in Härnösand.
Slottsskogsobservatoriet, Slottsskogen, Göteborg
Diameter: 7 cm
Distance from Globen: 400 km
Makemake is named after the God of creation on Easter Island, and is the third largest dwarf planet in our solar system. It is located in Slottsskogen in Gothenburg, not far from the famous Easter Island tree in the Botanic Garden. The model is designed by Katja Lindblom to the right on the right image In connection with the inauguration on September 23, 2017 by John Conway (left), Director of Onsala Space Observatory.
Diameter: 0,3 mm
Distance from Globen: 440 km
To the left a photo (by Halvard Nilsson) showing ‘Oumuamua as it looks through the telescope seen on the right image where Charlotte Helin, chairman of the Astronomical Society of Halland, demonstates during the inauguration in 2018.
’Oumuamua is the Hawaiian name of a stony, elongated interstellar object once formed around a distant star from where it was ejected. On its journey through the Milky Way it happened to cross our solar system. It paid a visit to our neighbourhood in 2017 and is now on its way out again.
A presentation of this unique celestial body was inaugurated in August 2018 in Plönninge, Halland with a model created with the support from the Astronomical Society of Halland.
Tycho Brahe-observatoriet, Oxie (Malmö)
Diameter: 7,5 cm
Distnace from Globen: 500 km
Gonggong is one of the largest dwarf planets and located in the Kuiper Belt about 80 times further out from the Sun than our Earth. The diameter is about 1500 km and the colour is red. The orbit is strongly eccentric and it takes 500 years to circle the Sun. The model of the dwarf planet and its moon was created by the artist Stefan Agnani and the inauguration took place on Septemeber 23, 2017, when also the discoverer Megan Schwamb participated via skype from Hawaii.
Curiosum, Östra Strandgatan 32, Umeå
Diameter: 13 cm
Distance from Globen: 510 km
The model of Eris, the goddess of conflict, reflects an ancient story when Eris initiated a big quarrel starting with a controversial inscription on a golden apple.
Teknikens hus, Luleå
Distance from Globen: 912 km
The model of the dwarf planet Sedna, created by Antero Koskitalo, was inaugurated in 2005 at the science centre ”Teknikens Hus” located in Luleå in northern Sweden, not far from the arctic cirle. In arctic mythology, Sedna represented the ”goddess of the frozen sees” from where she supplied the eskimos with seals and whales. Sedna is comparable to Pluto in size, and belongs to a distant swarm of minor planets called the Kuiper Belt
Diameter: several depictions
Distance from Globen: 260 km
Comet Halley was inaugurated at the science centre Balthazar in Skövde on December 2009. Halley is prepresented by three outdoor models inspired by drawings made by school children, and in addition one indoor model formed by laser in a block of glass. At this place the comet is at its largest distance from the Sun.
Diameter: < 1 cm
Distance from Globen: 390 km
Swifft-Tuttle has an elongated orbit, and in SSS the comet passes at its largest distance from the Sun (aphelium) at this location in the science centre Kreativum on the Swedish southcoast.
Institutet för rymdfysik, Kiruna
Distance from Globen: 950 km
The distant interface between the solar wind and the surrounding galactic gas, the terminal shock, has been manifested in Kiruna. A future sculpture is envisioned to express this phenomenon reminiscent of aurorae frequently seen in northern Sweden.
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